High pressure affects the fetus – know in 5 steps

High pressure affects the fetus – known in 5 steps. Some women suffer from high blood pressure during pregnancy, and this exposes them to many health problems and complications during pregnancy, during and after childbirth, but does high pressure affect the fetus? And what are the potential complications of it? Can these complications be prevented? Follow this article for the answer and more details.

High pressure affects the fetus – know in 5 steps

High pressure affects the fetus and exposes it to many problems during pregnancy, childbirth, and after birth as well. These are some of the problems that the fetus may experience from high blood pressure:

Decreased blood flow to the placenta:

In cases where the placenta does not get enough blood, the fetus gets less oxygen and nutrients. This causes a slow growth of the fetus inside the womb and a low birth weight or premature birth that may cause breathing problems and increase the risk of infection and other complications for the fetus.

Placental abruption

The placenta may separate and detach from the inner wall of the uterus before delivery due to the high blood pressure of the pregnant woman. This severe separation may cause severe bleeding that threatens the life of the mother and her fetus. It should be noted that pre-eclampsia or pre-eclampsia increases the risk of placental abruption.

Slow growth of the fetus inside the womb:

High pressure affects the fetus inside the uterus, causing slow growth, due to the lack of adequate amounts of nutrients.

Premature birth of the fetus:

In cases of high blood pressure during pregnancy, the need to deliver the baby early to prevent potential life-threatening complications increases.

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High pressure affects the fetus
High pressure affects the fetus


The chances of stillbirth increase in cases of separation of the placenta from the wall of the uterus and the occurrence of severe bleeding, especially if the woman has reached a severe stage of pre-eclampsia.

How does high blood pressure affect the mother?

In addition to the complications of high blood pressure on the fetus, high blood pressure is associated with many health problems on the mother. High pressure affects the fetus, the most prominent of which are:

  • Injury to body organs: High blood pressure that is not properly controlled and treated can cause damage to the brain, heart, kidneys, liver and other major organs. In some cases, high blood pressure may threaten the life of the mother.
  • Cardiovascular disease: Having pre-eclampsia increases your risk of developing cardiovascular disease in the future, especially if you had pre-eclampsia more than once or had a premature birth due to high blood pressure during pregnancy.

How can complications of high blood pressure be avoided on the mother and fetus?

After we answered the question “High pressure affects the fetus?”, and explained all the complications related to high blood pressure on the fetus and the mother as well, some tips must be clarified to avoid the occurrence of these complications. Here it is worth telling you, dear, that the best way to take care of your child and protect him from the complications of high blood pressure is to take care of yourself first, and here are some tips for that:

  • Adhere to the doctor’s prenatal appointments and regularly throughout the pregnancy.
  • Take the blood pressure medications prescribed by your doctor regularly.
  • Stay active and do the physical activities your doctor prescribes.
  • Eat a healthy diet, and ask a dietitian to develop a suitable diet if you need help.
  • Avoid smoking, drinking alcohol and illegal drugs, and talk to your doctor about over-the-counter medications.

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